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n.名词     pron.代词  adj.形容词     adv.副词    v.动词    vi.   vt. 及物动词

prep.介词  conj.连词   interj.感叹词


1.able      unable       ability n.      disable vt.使残废          disabled adj.残废的

2.about     be about to do sth.即将做......

3.above---below    over---under   

4.accept         ~ A as B    A当作B接受/接纳       cf.    receive

5.accident     accidental adj.偶然的;偶发的       by ~/chance偶然地

6.ache  n./ vi.    toothache  backache   headache

7.across---through           across the world=all over the world

8.act v./n.      action n.      active adj.      actively adv.        activity n.活动

act as...扮演;充当  be active in...=take an active part in...积极参加 act...out表演出

9.actual  adj.   actually adv.事实上

10.add v.   addition n.      additional adj.附加的;额外的

   add to sth.增强     add A to BA加到B上去    add...up......加起来

   add up to sth.合计为;意思是    in addition=what’s more=besides而且

11.admire vt.    admiration n.         admirer n.    ~ sb. for sth......钦佩某人     in admiration钦佩地

12.admit vt.承认;录取     admission n.  admitted   admitting

  admit doing sth.                be admitted into a college......录取

13.advance v.        advanced adj.先进的;高级的    in ~ = ahead of time提前

14.advice u.n.     advise vt.    give sb. advice on sth.       advise sb. to do sth./ advise doing sth.

   cf. advisepersuade

15.affair n.事物   family/foreign/love ~s

16.afford vt.    can ~ (to do) sth.

17.afraid adj.   I’m ~ so/not.恐怕是这样/不是这样。

18.Africa n.    African n./adj.    Asia---Asian    America---American   Europe---European

              Australia---Australian   Austria---Austrian奥地利人(的) Canada---Canadian

19.again   ~ and ~=over and over=time and again反复地   once ~=once more=~又一次

20.three years ago  (一般过去时)     three years before(过去完成时)

21.agree vt.      agreement n.协议    agreeable adj.可爱的

  ~ to sth.同意某事      ~ on sth(经讨论)达成共识     ~ with sb.同意某人

come to/arrive at/reach an agreement达成协议

22.agriculture n.      agricultural adj.     industry---industrial

23.aim n./v.     ~ at...瞄准;意思是

24.alive adj.(表语形容词)     eat sth ~       bury sb. ~      catch sb. ~

   Cf. living活着的     live现场直播的    lively活泼的

25.air n.   in the ~在空中      on the ~在播出     by ~乘飞机

26.allow vt.    allowance n.补助金;补贴

~ sb. to do sth.       ~ doing sth.     ~ for...考虑到;酌量   Smoking is not ~ed here.

27.almost adv.几乎(可接否定词)      nearly adv.(不接否定词)  I have seen almost no such book before.

28.alone adj./adv.独自的;单独的         lonely adj.寂寞的;孤独的  

29.along adv./ prep.    all ~=all the time一直

30.although conj.虽然;尽管    though conj. 虽然;尽管  though adv.尽管如此(句末)

31.anger n.   angry adj.      hunger n.    hungry adj.

32.announce vt.             announcement n.   make an announcement

33.another pron.   one after ~= one by one    another three chairs= three more/ other chairs

34.always adv.    for ~/ good/ ever永远  He is ~ talking in class.(反感)    He is ~ asking clever questions.(赞扬)

35.answer n./v.   the ~ to the question         in ~ to响应;回答

~ the door/phone/letter      ~ for=be responsible for......负责

36.anxious adj.急切的;焦虑的   anxiety n.

   be ~ to do sth.迫切要去做......     be ~ about..worry about/ be worried about...担心

   He is too ~ to leave the lonely island.(too...toanxious连用不表示否定)

37.any常用在否定句、疑问句、条件句中     Come to me if you have any question.

  no=not any全否   He has no brothers.= He has not any brothers.

38.apologize/apologise v.道歉   apology n.

  ~ to sb. for doing sth.=make an apology to sb. for doing sth.因某事向某人道歉

39.argue v.辩论;说服   argument n.  ~ with sb. about sth.  cf. debate      quarrel

40.arm n.      arms n.武器;怀抱   take sb. by the ~拉住某人的胳膊     ~ in ~

   carry sth in one’s ~s抱着......        ~s sale军火销售    be armed to the teeth武装到牙齿

41.army n.军队;群  an ~ of ants一大群蚂蚁

42.arrive vi.到达   arrival n.   ~ at a conclusion得出结论   ~ at an agreement达成协议  ~at/ in sp.

   cf. reach vt.        come vi.   

43.art n.   artist n.    artistic adj.艺术的    artificial adj.人工的;人造的   fine ~s美术

44.article n.文章;件   an ~ of clothing/ furniture

45.as prep.作为   work ~...      serve ~...        act ~...        be famous ~...    use A ~ B

   accept/regard/ treat/consider/ think of/ look at/take  A ~ BA当作B

   ~ it is事实上      mistake A ~ B误以为AB

  as conj.按照;像   Dance ~ I showed you.   

  as conj.随着;一边......一边   As time goes by, he has come to love Ningbo as his second hometown.

   He usually does his homework ~ he listens to music.

  as conj.虽然;尽管(倒装语序)   Clever ~ you are, you have to work harder to fulfill your dream.

   Fast ~ you run, you can’t catch me up.=Run ~ you may, you can’t catch me up.

=Fast runner ~ you are, you can’t catch me up.

  as conj.像一样He is ~ busy ~ a bee.     He did the job ~ well ~ Bob did.

Fan Wei is ~ funny an actor  ~ Zhao Benshan.         Peter is not ~/ so tall as Bill.

  as conj.由于   As you go to the bookshop, please get me a Harry Porter VI.

  as pron.(引导定语从句)   I will buy such a pen ~ you are using.   I study in the same school ~ Mary.

   Here is so big a stone as no one can lift.   cf. Here is so big a stone that no one can lift it.

46.ashamed adj.羞愧的   be ~ of...对感到羞愧

47.ask v.   ~ sb. for sth.向某人要......         ~ A after BA问候B   ~ for trouble自寻烦恼

   ~ sb. to do sth.               ~ to do sth.         ~ to be done   ~ about...询问打听

48.asleep adj.   fall ~ =go to sleep入睡动作  be ~= sleep睡着状态   be fast ~睡得香甜

49.assist vt.帮助    assistance n.           assistant n.助手   an assistant professor副教授

50.attack v./n.   be under ~遭到攻击    an air ~空袭

51.attempt n./v.努力尝试   ~  to do sth.= make an ~ to do sth.    in an ~ to do sth.努力/尝试去做......

52.attend v.出席照顾    attendant n.服务员   ~ to sb./ sth. 照料从事处理

53.attention n.   attentive adj.注意力集中的  pay ~ to sth.注意...... draw sb’s ~ (to sth.)吸引某人的注意力(到......

54.attract vt.吸引  attractive adj.有吸引力的;迷人的    attraction n.吸引(人的人或物)

   be attractive to sb.吸引某人     be attracted to sth. ......吸引

55.average n./adj.平均()    on  (the) ~ 平均(来说)  above/below the ~ 在一般平均以上/

56.awake adj.醒着的     v.醒来(awoke/awoke; awaked/awaked


1.bad adj. (worse/worst)   from ~ to worse每况愈下    go ~ 变质      Not ~.还好

2.badly adv.    be ~ ill得了   need sth. ~ 急需             be ~ off生活较差

3.baggage u.n.行李   =luggage

4.balloon n.气球

5.bargain v. 讨价还价   n. 讨价还价;便宜货  a real ~便宜货

6.base n. 基地;基础    vt.......为基础   ~ A on B  AB为基础/依据   be ~d on......为基础

7.bath n.洗浴  bathe v.              be bathed in the sunshine沐浴在阳光之中

8.bear vt.忍受;承受(bore/born-borne)  He can’t ~ being looked down upon.

  He was born in Shanghai.       They have borne three children.

9.beat v.打;击败(beat/beaten

10.beauty n.    beautiful adj.      beautifully adv.     beautify vt.美化

11.become/became/become     link.v.系动词

12.because of=on account of=owing to prep. 由于  She cried because of what I had said about her work.

13.bed n.   go to ~ (college/church/court/hospital)(零冠词)强调动作

be in ~ (college/church/court/hospital) 强调状态   make the ~

14.beg v.乞讨;哀求    begging  begged    beggar n.乞丐    ~ sb. for sth.      go ~ging去乞讨

15.begin/began/begun v.       beginning   beginner初学者   Well begun, half done.良好的开端成功的一半。

   to ~ with首先=first of all      in the beginning         at the beginning of

16.believe vt.            belief n.信仰;信念

17.bend/bent/bent v. 弄弯   ~ over sth. 伏在......上面      be bent over......一心想/

18.besides prep./adv. 除了(以外)   B~ English, we study five other subjects.

   I don’t like football; ~, the weather is too hot.(=what’s more; in addition )

19.best  do/try one’s ~ =do what one can=do everything (that) one can=spare no efforts=go all out尽力

  all the best(wishes)祝好

20.better  be ~ off富裕    be worse off贫困      had ~ =might as well最好

   He’d ~ come earlier, hadn’t he?       Better late then never.

21.beyond prep.......以外    The beauty of the West Lake is ~ description.    Sorry. This is ~ my power.

22.bill n.帐单           foot the ~ 埋单

23.biology n.生物学       biological adj.生物学的          biologist n. 生物学家

24.birth n.        birthday     birthplace           at birth天生    give ~ to 生育

25.bite/bit/bit:bitten v.    Never bite off more than you can chew.要量力而行。

26.blame vt.责备   be to ~ (for doing sth.)......而应受责备            ~ sb. for doing sth. ......而责备

  Don’t ~ the child for the broken glass. It was my fault.

  I wonder who is to ~ for the broken glass.=I wonder who to ~ for the broken glass.

27.blood n.      bloody adj.血腥的             bleed v.流血     a bleeding nose   a bloody war

28.blow/blew/blown v.   ~ up爆炸    ~ sth. up......炸毁          ~ ...away把吹走

29.boil v.    boiling water在沸腾的水     boiled water沸水      boiling hot超热

30.bone n.           bony adj.瘦骨嶙峋的=skinny

31.brain n.大脑       brains智力        If only I had your ~s!

32.bottom n.底部   from the ~ of one’s heart 发自内心;衷心地      from top to ~从顶到底 B~ up!干杯!

33.brave adj.   bravely adv.      bravery n.

34.break/broke/broken v.   ~ down出故障;破除     ~ up破坏;解散;开垦   ~ into sp.闯入;侵占

   ~ the law/rule违反        ~ one’s promise食言      ~ away (of)脱离

   ~ forth/out爆发          ~ off折断;突然中断     ~ open撬开  ~ with......断交

  c.n.休息 take/have a ~

35.breath n.   breathe v.    bath---bathe     breathless adj.上气不接下气的

  hold one’s ~ 屏住呼吸  lose one’s ~上气不接下气(动作)  be out of ~上气不接下气(状态)

  catch a ~喘口气    breathe one’s last

36.bring/brought/brought vt.   ~ sb. up抚养     ~ sth. up呕吐;提出      bring sth. forward提出

37.Britain n.      British adj.   the Great Britain大不列颠

38.broad adj.宽阔的            abroad adv.在国外     aboard adv.在船(飞机、火车等)上   broaden vt.拓宽

39.broadcast/broadcast/broadcast vt.广播   ~ sth. live现场直播  Cf. cast/cast/cast      forecast/forecast/forecast

40. build/built/built vt.建造;建设     building n.   ~ ...up建造    ~ A into BA建成B  

41.burn/burnt/burnt v.  ~ sth. up烧光    ~ sth. to the ground=~ sth down夷为平地     It’s ~ing hot.

42.burst vt.爆发;爆炸   ~ sth. up =blow sth. up炸掉               ~ into tears/laughter/cheers

  ~ out crying/laughing/cheering             ~ into...闯入   ~ forth= ~ out= break forth= break out爆发 

43.bury vt.埋葬   burial n.葬礼   ~  sb. alive活埋

44.busy adj.    business n.   Business is business.公事公办   Business before pleasure.先干正事后娱乐

   be ~ (in) doing sth.= be busy with sth.    go to sp. on business......出差   get (down) to business 开始干正事

45.but conj. But me no ~s.不要辩解。    but for要不是因为  the last line but two倒数第二行

46.butcher n.屠夫   go to the ~’s去肉店

47.butter n.黄油   Bread and ~ is always my breakfast.

48.buy/bought/bought vt.   I won’t ~ your story.我才不信呢。

49.by prep.乘坐   ~ bus/train/plane/ship/air/sea/water/land     on/in a train   in a plane